Wrocaw, also known as Breslau, is a vibrant university city and the capital of Lower Silesia. Though it is the fourth-largest Polish city, Wrocław is a surprisingly green city: the historic town center (where the programs accomodations are located) is ringed by a green belt of promenades built on the plan of citys old fortification walls. Located at the convergence of several rivers, Wrocław is known for its hundreds of bridges and picturesque islands, which have earned it the nickname of the Venice of the North. The nearby Sudety mountains are dotted by spa towns where visitors can take the cure for whatever ails them.
Wrocławs history is a diverse mosaic of nationalities and religions whose influence have left an indelible imprint on the city. Wrocław first entered the historical record in the 10th century, when it comprised only Tumski Island (Ostrów Tumski). The complex of sacral architecture that graces the island dates from this earliest settlment.
Today, the social and commercial heart of the city centers around the Rynek, or the Market Place, which was built during the reconstruction of the city following the Mongol incursions of the mid-13th century. The original Polish Piast dynasty was displaced by Bohemian rulers in the following century. The Austrian Habsburgs followed in 1526 and lasted until Prussian victory in the War of the Austrian Succession in the mid-1700s. A German stronghold in World War II, Wrocławs industrial base and its housing suffered serious damage as Soviet troops advanced on the Reich.
Postwar Wrocław, like much of East Central Europe, suffered massive population upheavals. The political and national map of Europe was realinged by the victorious Allies at the Potsdam Conference of 1945, and Wrocław once again became part of Poland. The German inhabitants of the city fled or were forced to leave, to be replaced by Poles from contemporary Ukraine.
For more information about Wrocław, pleasevisit:
- Tourist and Visitor Guide
- Wrocław Internet Service
- Wrocław in Wikipedia Encyklopedia
- Go Poland; Internet Travel Guide
- Wrocaw City Tour Including Photos and English Language Information
- Contemporary Photos of Wrocaw
- Historical Photos of Wrocław
- Vratislavia Cantans - Internacional Music Festival
- Traveler's Internet Site Featuring Visitors' Personal Experiences and Stories
- The Wrocław Voice